How to Prepare for Winter in Alberta

Useful Resources

  1. Snow Removal
  • As tenants or property owners, you must follow snow shoveling policies and bylaws. These policies are different by city in Alberta.
  • Generally, homeowners or tenants must remove snow from sidewalks 1 or 2 days after it snows. Failure to do so could result in a fine.
  • Policies for Homeowners/Tenants in Alberta (By location) 


  1. Winter Weather in Alberta:


  1. Winter Clothing in Alberta
  • Dressing in Layers
    • Long underwear, legging, or pull-over – Fits tight to your body
    • Thick socks – Wear under your boots to keep your toes warm
    • Insulator, such as a “puffy” jacket or snow pants – Filled with real or synthetic materials to keep you warm for outdoor activities in the winter.
    • Shell – A wind-proof and water-proof coat, usually with a hood.
    • Toque – Heat escapes quickest through your head so make sure to cover up your head in a toque.
    • Earmuffs – Covers your ears for warmth.
    • Scarf – Warm and thick scarf makes a difference, especially on windy days.
    • Gloves or mittens – Keeps your fingers warm.
    • Waterproof and slip-resistant winter boots – Keeps your feet dry and keeps you from slipping on ice.

* Winter Clothing Checklist 

  1. Transportation in Winter

Vocabulary List

Black ice – A thin layer of clear ice on roads that is considered dangerous because it is often very hard to see and can be slippery.

Block heater – A device used in the engine of a vehicle during cold weather to prevent the engine from freezing.

Celsius – The scale of temperature in which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees. The symbol for Celsius is “°C”

Destination – The place that someone is going to, the end point of a journey.

Emergency kit – A set of supplies kept in a vehicle for emergency, such as jumper cables, blankets, flash lights, and warm clothes.

Engine – The “heart” of a vehicle that changes gas into force that turns the wheels.

Frostbite – Injury caused by freezing of skin in extreme cold temperatures, usually affects the fingers, toes, nose, ears, and cheeks.

Hypothermia – When your body loses heat too fast causing dangerously low body temperature.

Jumper cables – Electric cables used to start a car when the engine is dead. Use jumper cables to connect the dead battery of a car to the battery of another car.

Layers – Multiple pieces of clothing worn on top of one and another to keep warm.

Plug in your car – Plugging in your car using the block heater makes your engine run more smoothly in extremely cold days.

Route – The path you take to get from a starting point to a destination.

Shovel – A tool used for removing snow from the ground.

Sledding – winter activity of sliding downhill over snow on a sled.

Slippery – A surface that is difficult to stand or walk on because it is wet or smooth.

Snow pants – Waterproof pants often worn over indoor clothes, for outdoor winter activities.

Temperature – A measure of how hot or cold something is.

Toque – A winter hat to keep your head warm.

Winterize – To prepare a house or car for use in cold weather.

Winter activities – Fun activities that are played on snow or ice during winter months.

Winter tires – Tires designed for use on ice and snow at temperatures below 7 °C.

Knowledge Check


#1. In Alberta, how much time does a tenant/homeowner have after a snowfall to clear the snow from their sidewalk?

#2. Which of the following items are suitable for winter weather?

#3. Which of the following statement is correct about day time temperatures during winter in Alberta?

#4. What is an important step to winterize your vehicle?

#5. During winter, roads and sidewalks may be covered in black ice. This means you:


Acknowledgements and References

Acknowledgements of Actors: 

Ali A., Baran F., Kanako H.E., Akram Z.

Special thanks to Elisa, Justin and the team at Maple Leaf Academy for assistance in content development.